Pelvic floor problems are not that uncommon taking into consideration that anyone in affected at some point in their life. Typical symptoms related to pelvic floor muscles include incontinence, pelvic pain and even sexual dysfunction. Dysfunctions in the pelvic area also contribute to the development of gastrointestinal issues, often leading to the impossibility of performing daily activities. As embarrassing and delicate as the problem may be, it can be managed with the help of physiotherapy. Physiotherapy restores the function of the body, not to mention that it helps patients regain their lost confidence. To find a practitioner to confirm the diagnosis and provide you adequate treatment, visit

Understanding pelvic floor issues

The pelvic floor is actually a group of muscles located at the bottom of the pelvis. Their main function is to provide support for the bowl, the reproductive organs and the bladder. In order to do so, the muscles contract and relax at fixed intervals to manage the movements of the bladder and the bowel. It is not therefore astonishing that problems occur when the pelvic muscles become tight or they weaken. When the pelvic muscles are weak, they can cause the displacing (prolapse) of the interior organs, but not only. Other side effects include incontinence, erectile problems and poor genital sensation. In addition to this, tension in the pelvic area leads to muscle spasm and even pain.

The role of physical therapy

Pelvic floor physical therapy treats the muscles, the connective tissue, the lymphatic system and the joints that surround the intimate region. This type of care is similar to other types of physical therapy in the sense that it is focused on movement disorders, the goal being to improve the quality of life and to restore maximum functionality. During the first visit, the physical therapist performs an examination in order to assess the pelvic floor movements. On the other hand, the treatments is aimed at helping the patient regain control over pelvic floor muscles through exercise. The exercises are specifically designed so as to address muscle groups and provide pelvic stability.

What are the common misconceptions?

The first misconception about pelvic floor physical therapy is that it is only for women. The truth is that physical therapists treat many male patients. They too are prone to developing incontinence or feeling sexual related pain. And contrary to what many people may think, urinary incontinence means a failed system, not a failed organ. Therefore, physical exercises such as Kegel can help fully restore muscle strength. According to another misconception, physical therapy is useless if the cause of dysfunction is a medical one. Wrong again. In most cases, a multidisciplinary approach is necessary to achieve optimal recovery.

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